Bunions are yet another one of the most common conditions we treat here at Footpoint Podiatry.
Bunions also go by the name Hallux Abducto Valgus, referring to the position of the big toe as it changes alignment and shape.
Bunions are a progressive pathology that affects the big toe joint.
The pathology process results in a deformity of the joint, shown as a bony lump and inflammation of the bursa (fluid filled sack). A patient who presents with a bunion may experience associated pain and have difficulty with footwear fitting. Something as small as a bunion can affect balance and the way you walk.
Bunions have multiple risk factors and it can be unclear what the specific cause of your deformity may be. The most common risk factors are family history, biomechanical abnormalities, acute trauma, rheumatoid arthritis or footwear trauma. You may inherit a foot type from your family that is more prone to the development of bunions. Biomechanical abnormalities such as poor foot posture, excessively rolling inwards (pronating) as you walk will increase pressure on the inside of the big toe joint resulting in deformity. Poorly fitting or inappropriate footwear such as high heels, tight narrow shoes or shoes with a pointed toe box may contribute to the deformity. Bunions also present more commonly in women compared to men.
If left untreated, bunions will often worsen over time becoming more painful and restricted through the big toe joint. Due to the progressive nature of bunions, it is important to seek an early diagnosis and advice from your podiatrist to prevent further development.
Once your Footpoint Podiatrist has provided your assessment, treatment is directed at managing pain and preventing further progression of the bunion. Through the improvement of biomechanical/alignment abnormalities, we aim to give better foot posture and reduce forces attacking the big toe joint.
There are a range of treatments available including:
- Footwear Advice
- Custom Orthotics
- Stretching and strengthening exercises
- Night Splints
- Taping Techniques
- Surgical Correction as a last resort
Call The Footpoint Podiatry Team today and take your first step in managing your bunions!